After an eleven-year stay in a Stalinist concentration camp the Russian astronomer and astrophysicist Nikolai A. Kozyrev (1908-1983) from 1951 performed a series of controversial experiments, from the 1970’s onwards in collaboration with Dr. V. V. Nassonow. Kozyrev developed a range of various detectors which were supposed to indicate “a flow of time” on the basis of rotation and vibration effects. The Russian astrophysicist had in his “Causal Mechanics” postulated that time is a kind of energy which is always in motion and is present at different locations and at different points of time in variable concentrations. Matter shows an interaction with this energy; it acts like a sponge who stores this energy and under certain conditions may release it again. Among the conditions that may release the time from matter, are the following:
- Deformations of objects
- Impact of an air jet upon a obstacle
- Actuation of an hourglass
- Absorption of light
- Action of an observer, as for instance the turn of the head
- Heating up or cooling of an object
- Phase transformations in substances (thawing or evaporating etc.)
- Solution or mixing of substances
- Slow dying of plants
- Some non-optical radiation supposedly emanating from astronomical objects
- Sudden changes in the human consciousness
Time energy according to Kozyrev can be absorbed, shielded, and reflected.
Kozyrev utilized as detectors of time energy, e.g.:
Torsion balances, Rotating gyroscopes, Asymmetrical oscillating pendulums, Electrical resistors (changes of conductivity), Mercury Thermometers, Quartz oscillators, Thermocoupling (electrical potential), Changes of the viscosity of water, Mixing of cold and warm water, Photoelectric cells (electric work), The reaction rate of chemical mixtures (e.g., Beloussov-Zhabotinsky effect), Growth of bacteria and plants,
In preparation of the experiments some original scientific works by Nikolai A. Kozyrev und M. M. Lavrentiev et al. [1990 a, b, 1991, 1992] were studied. In order to comprehend the work of the Russian researcher, we began with a replica of some Kozyrev detectors as they are described in a paper by Alexander P. Levich . At a symposium in Einsiedeln (Switzerland) in October 2009 we had the opportunity to meet Prof. Fyodor Kozyrev personally, the son of Nikolai A. Kozyrev, who subsequently visited us from March 6-9, 2010, together with Mikhail Vorotkov, the former assistant of his father, in our laboratory in Berlin and furnished us after the demonstration of the detectors built by us and subsequent common experiments plenty of hints and commentaries, which were useful for the further work.
On the basis of a paper by A. P. Levich  various Kozyrev detectors were built, primarily analogous and digital resistance detectors and torsion balances.